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Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 251-275 out of 704 releases.
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Public Release: 15-Aug-2014
Science
Human influence on glaciers growing, study suggests

Over the past 20 years or so, human influence has become the strongest driver of melting glaciers, according to a new study. Ben Marzeion and colleagues, who report this finding, explain that the world’s glaciers have been melting since the middle of the 19th century, when the 500-year-long cold period known as the Little Ice Age ended -- and that their retreat has been due to a combination of natural processes and human impacts.

Contact: Natasha Pinol
scipak@aaas.org
202-326-6440
American Association for the Advancement of Science

Public Release: 15-Aug-2014
Science
To save crumbling sewers, replace chemicals not pipes

Changing water treatment practices could prevent the corrosion of concrete impacting many of the world's sewers, a new study reports. Sewer systems globally are corroding at an alarming rate and costing governments billions of dollars to replace.

Contact: Natasha Pinol
scipak@aaas.org
202-326-6440
American Association for the Advancement of Science

Public Release: 14-Aug-2014
Neural Regeneration Research
Up-regulation of neuronal alpha-1 adrenoceptors after peripheral nerve injury

After nerve and tissue injury, inflammatory mediators could either directly, or through the induction of neurotrophic factors, trigger increased α1-adrenoceptor expression on neurons and other cells around the site of injury. In turn, activation of α1-adrenoceptors on fibroblasts and keratinocytes may trigger further release of growth factors and inflammatory mediators. Thus, an upward spiral of α1-adrenoceptor expression on these cells and on regenerating neurons could engender an adrenergic component of inflammation and pain.

Contact: Meng Zhao
eic@nrren.org
86-138-049-98773
Neural Regeneration Research

Public Release: 14-Aug-2014
Neural Regeneration Research
Stem cells in the skeletal muscle promote the regeneration of severe nerve peripheral injury

Skeletal muscle derived-multipotent stem cells were transplanted for the peripheral nerve injury, having the irreversible long nerve gap, using acellular conduit bridging. Applied cells differentiated into all of axon support cells, and contributed to increased vascular formation, which is favorable for blood supply and waste product excretion, providing the sustained expression of neurotrophic and nerve/vascular growth factors. Then, over 94% of axonal regeneration was achieved during 8 weeks, and this was more effective (about triple) than healthy nerve autograft.

Contact: Meng Zhao
eic@nrren.org
86-138-049-98773
Neural Regeneration Research

Public Release: 14-Aug-2014
Science Translational Medicine
Sperm shield fends off microbes, helps preserve fertility

Athletes have helmets, drivers buckle up with seatbelts, and it turns out that moving sperm are protected too -- by a protein that forms an anti-microbial shield around the cells as they travel through the reproductive tract, researchers now report. The findings suggest that boosting levels of the protein, called human beta-defensin 1 (DEFB1) in sperm might help improve male fertility.

Contact: Natasha Pinol
scipak@aaas.org
202-326-6440
American Association for the Advancement of Science

Public Release: 13-Aug-2014
SCIENCE CHINA Physics, Mechanics & Astronomy
New progress in long bone fracture evaluation using ultrasound

With the advantages of quantitative ultrasound, such as low-expense, portability (QUS), and no-ionizing radiation risks, ultrasonic guided waves can also reflect the geometry of long cortical bone and material information. A recent study quantitatively evaluated long bone fracture degrees with ultrasonic guided waves. This study, published on SCIENCE CHINA Physica, Mechanica & Astronomica (in Chinese), 2012, 44(7), provides new method for fracture healing monitoring.

National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 11174060, 11327405 & 11304043), the Science and Technology Support Program of Shanghai (13441901900) and the Ph.D. Programs Foundation of the Ministry of Education of China (20110071130004, 20130071

Contact: TA De-an
tda@fudan.edu.cn
Science China Press

Public Release: 13-Aug-2014
Science China:Life Sciences
Expressive suppression dampens negative emotion faster than reappraisal

It is a prevailing conclusion in European-American population that expressive suppression is unable to effectively reduce negative emotion and physiological arousal. A recent study in Chinese people showed that expressive suppression is not only capable of reducing negative emotion but also dampens negative emotion faster than reappraisal. This may be related to the Chinese culture which highlights "relational harmony and self-discipline". This study has been published in SCIENCE CHINA:Life Sciences (IN CHINESE) 2014, No. 6.

National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos.31170989, 31371042).

Contact: YUAN JIAJIN
yuanjiajin168@126.com
Science China Press

Public Release: 13-Aug-2014
Neural Regeneration Research
Stem cell therapy for central nerve system injuries: glial cells hold the key

Stem cell therapy for central nerve system injuries: glial cells hold the key.

Contact: Meng Zhao
eic@nrren.org
86-138-049-98773
Neural Regeneration Research

Public Release: 13-Aug-2014
Neural Regeneration Research
Treating Alzheimer’s disease with Yizhijiannao granules by inhibiting neuronal apoptosis

Treating Alzheimer’s disease with Yizhijiannao granules by inhibiting neuronal apoptosis.

Contact: Meng Zhao
eic@nrren.org
86-138-049-98773
Neural Regeneration Research

Public Release: 13-Aug-2014
Neural Regeneration Research
Morphological changes of GnRHR neurons in the rat preoptic area across puberty

Morphological changes of GnRHR neurons in the rat preoptic area across puberty.

Contact: Meng Zhao
eic@nrren.org
86-138-049-98773
Neural Regeneration Research

Public Release: 13-Aug-2014
JAMA
Delay in correcting irregular cardiac rhythm from atrial fibrillation associated with increased risk of complications

A delay of 12 hours or longer to correct an abnormal cardiac rhythm from atrial fibrillation was associated with a greater risk of thromboembolic complications such as stroke, according to a study in the August 13 issue of JAMA.

Contact: K. E. Juhani Airaksinen, M.D., Ph.D.
juhani.airaksinen@tyks.fi
The JAMA Network Journals

Public Release: 13-Aug-2014
JAMA
Flexible sigmoidoscopy screening reduces colorectal cancer incidence, rate of death

Among about 100,000 study participants, screening with flexible sigmoidoscopy resulted in a reduced incidence and rate of death of colorectal cancer, compared to no screening, according to a study in the August 13 issue of JAMA.

Contact: Heather Woolwine
woolwinh@musc.edu
843-792-7669
The JAMA Network Journals

Public Release: 12-Aug-2014
Neural Regeneration Research
Changes in motor function in the unaffected hand of stroke patients should not be ignored

Changes in motor function in the unaffected hand of stroke patients should not be ignored.

Contact: Meng Zhao
eic@nrren.org
86-138-049-98773
Neural Regeneration Research

Public Release: 12-Aug-2014
Neural Regeneration Research
Targeted thrombolysis strategies for neuroprotective effect

Targeted thrombolysis strategies for neuroprotective effect.

Contact: Meng Zhao
eic@nrren.org
86-138-049-98773
Neural Regeneration Research

Public Release: 12-Aug-2014
Neural Regeneration Research
Neuroprotective effect of Tongxinluo: a PET imaging study in small animals

Neuroprotective effect of Tongxinluo: a PET imaging study in small animals.

Contact: Meng Zhao
eic@nrren.org
86-138-049-98773
Neural Regeneration Research

Public Release: 12-Aug-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Also of interest from the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences

A study finds that the microbiome of Anopheles mosquitoes, particularly the Asaia bacterium, inhibits vertical transmission of the common arthropod symbiont Wolbachia, potentially explaining why some arthropod species remain uninfected by Wolbachia.

Contact: PNAS News Office
PNASnews@nas.edu
202-334-1310
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences

Public Release: 12-Aug-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Climate, drought, and agriculture

Drought stress, often triggered by major climate fluctuations, influenced many agricultural settlements in the ancient Near East, but how the settlements handled the stress varied widely, a study finds. Collapse and resilience of ancient Near Eastern societies is tied to agricultural production.

Contact: PNAS News Office
PNASnews@nas.edu
202-334-1310
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences

Public Release: 12-Aug-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
3D model of brain function and disease

A realistic 3D brain-like tissue that supports the sustained growth of functional neurons could be used to study normal brain function and disorders affecting the central nervous system, according to a study. The brain remains one of the least understood human organs, due in part to its complexity as well as technical limitations.

Contact: PNAS News Office
PNASnews@nas.edu
202-334-1310
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences

Public Release: 12-Aug-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Trophy hunting and evolutionary selection in bighorn sheep

Trophy hunting likely does not induce a strong evolutionary response influencing body mass and horn size in bighorn sheep in Alberta, Canada, according to a modeling study. Trophy hunters, who target animals with coveted traits such as large bodies or horns, are thought to impose a form of artificial selection among bighorn sheep in Ram Mountain, Alberta, Canada, applying evolutionary pressure that disfavors rams with large horns, such as the prized 4/5 degree curled horn.

Contact: PNAS News Office
PNASnews@nas.edu
202-334-1310
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences

Public Release: 12-Aug-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Gut bacteria in infants

The population of bacteria residing in infants’ gastrointestinal tracts may depend to a greater extent on babies' biology, specifically their gestational age at birth, than on environmental factors, a study finds. Despite the importance of intestinal bacteria in health throughout life, little is known about how the newborn infant gut transitions from a state of complete or near-sterility to dense bacterial colonization within weeks of birth.

Contact: PNAS News Office
PNASnews@nas.edu
202-334-1310
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences

Public Release: 12-Aug-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Laser pulse to identify chemicals from a distance

A single shot of laser light might potentially help identify explosives, hazardous chemicals, and biological materials from a safe distance, according to a study. Researchers have long sought techniques to remotely identify materials, from finding organic compounds on distant planets in the search for extraterrestrial life to detecting nitrates used in explosives from a safe distance.

Contact: PNAS News Office
PNASnews@nas.edu
202-334-1310
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences

Public Release: 12-Aug-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Potential biomarker for post-traumatic stress disorder

Glucocorticoid receptor signaling in the blood may indicate an individual’s risk for developing post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and could serve as an effective therapeutic target, a study finds. Only some individuals who experience trauma develop PTSD, highlighting the value of identifying biomarkers that could distinguish vulnerable from resilient individuals.

Contact: PNAS News Office
PNASnews@nas.edu
202-334-1310
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences

Public Release: 12-Aug-2014
Cancer Cell
Stanford researchers uncover cancer-causing mechanism behind powerful human oncogene

A protein present at high levels in more than half of all human cancers drives cell growth by blocking the expression of just a handful of genes involved in DNA packaging and cell death, according to a new study by researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine.

Contact: Krista Conger
kristac@stanford.edu
650-725-5371
Stanford University Medical Center

Public Release: 11-Aug-2014
China Science Bulletin
Influence of the carbon cycle on the attribution of responsibility for climate change

A key issue of international climate negotiation is the attribution of responsibility for historical climate change and the corresponding obligation for emission reduction. The two state-of-the-art Earth System Models developed in USA and China are used to quantitatively assess the responsibilities of the developed /developing countries for ocean-land-atmosphere carbon storage, global climate warming and ocean acidification and the corresponding obligations for mitigation of climate change. This study has been published on Chinese Science Bulletin(In Chinese), 2014, No.15.

National Key Program for Global Change Research of China (Grant Nos. 2010CB950504)

Contact: Dong Wenjie
dongwj@bnu.edu.cn
Science China Press

Public Release: 11-Aug-2014
Neural Regeneration Research
Selective verbal memory impairment due to left fornical crus injury after IVH

Selective verbal memory impairment due to left fornical crus injury after IVH.

Contact: Meng Zhao
eic@nrren.org
86-138-049-98773
Neural Regeneration Research

Showing releases 251-275 out of 704 releases.
    Click to go to page: [ 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 | 28 | 29 ]