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Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 226-250 out of 640 releases.
Click to go to page: [ 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 ]

Public Release: 2-Jun-2014
New launchers for analyzing resistance to impacts and improving armor plating

New pneumatic launchers at the Impact on Aeronautical Structures Laboratory, located at the Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M) Science Park, make it possible to carry out a wide range of studies on problems of impact that arise in the aeronautics industry and on optimum armor plating in other sectors.

Contact: javier alonso
oic@uc3m.es
Carlos III University of Madrid

Public Release: 30-May-2014
SCIENCE CHINA Physics, Mechanics & Astronomy
A new concept to improve power production performance of wind turbines in a wind farm

A modern wind farm usually consists of multiple wind turbines arranged in an organized pattern or array. Wake interferences among wind turbines have been found to affect the performance of the wind turbines significantly. In 2014(5) issue of Science China: Physics, Mechanics & Astronomy, the effects of relative rotation direction of wind turbines on the wake interferences among tandem turbines were studied for improved power production performance of wind turbines in a wind farm.

The National Science Foundation (NSF) (Grant No. CBET-1133751) and Iowa Alliance for Wind Innovation and Novel Development (IAWIND).

Contact: HU Hui
huhui@iastate.edu
Science China Press

Public Release: 30-May-2014
Science
Seeing a synapse in new light

By leveraging a wide range of imaging techniques, researchers have designed a three-dimensional model of an "average” synapse in a rat brain -- and it displays about 300,000 proteins in atomic detail.

Contact: Natasha Pinol
scipak@aaas.org
202-326-6440
American Association for the Advancement of Science

Public Release: 30-May-2014
Science
Slowly removing invasive species spares the natives

Researchers have come up with a new framework for controlling invasive species that protects native species more effectively, but they say it may take longer to implement than traditional approaches.

Contact: Natasha Pinol
scipak@aaas.org
202-326-6440
American Association for the Advancement of Science

Public Release: 30-May-2014
Science
Ancient coral shaped modern fish species richness

Today’s Indo-Australian fishes are among the most diverse in the world thanks to coral reefs, which provided the fishes’ ancestors with refuge from climate change for millions of years, researchers say.

Contact: Natasha Pinol
scipak@aaas.org
202-326-6440
American Association for the Advancement of Science

Public Release: 30-May-2014
Science
Early interventions improve Jamaican adults’ earnings

Stunted, impoverished Jamaican toddlers receiving psychosocial stimulation very early in life had higher earnings as young adults than their similarly disadvantaged but untreated counterparts, a new study reports. What’s more, the treated individuals’ earnings caught up to a non-stunted comparison group.

Contact: Natasha Pinol
scipak@aaas.org
202-326-6440
American Association for the Advancement of Science

Public Release: 29-May-2014
Science Translational Medicine
Regrowing teeth with lasers

Imagine if part of a broken tooth could be regrown with a simple laser procedure. The ability to regrow teeth could make fillings, crowns, and uncomfortable visits to the dentist a thing of the past.

Contact: Natasha Pinol
scipak@aaas.org
202-326-6440
American Association for the Advancement of Science

Public Release: 28-May-2014
JAMA
Endoscopic procedure does not reduce disability due to pain following gallbladder removal

In certain patients with abdominal pain after gallbladder removal (cholecystectomy), undergoing an endoscopic procedure involving the bile and pancreatic ducts did not result in fewer days with disability due to pain, compared to a placebo treatment, according to a study in the May 28 issue of JAMA.

Contact: Peter B. Cotton, M.D., F.R.C.P., F.R.C.S.
woolwinh@musc.edu
843-792-7669
The JAMA Network Journals

Public Release: 28-May-2014
JAMA
Moderate-intensity physical activity program for older adults reduces mobility problems

Among older adults at risk of disability, participation in a structured moderate-intensity physical activity program, compared with a health education intervention, significantly reduced the risk of major mobility disability (defined in this trial as loss of ability to walk 400 meters, or about a quarter mile), according to a study published by JAMA. The study is being released early online to coincide with its presentation at the American College of Sports Medicine annual meeting.

Contact: Morgan Sherburne
msherburne@ufl.edu
352-231-9959
The JAMA Network Journals

Public Release: 27-May-2014
Neural Regeneration Research
HSP90 is a potential target for ameliorating skeletal muscle abnormalities in PD

Heat shock protein (HSP90) has been suggested to be involved in neuronal protein misfolding and accumulation in Parkinson’s disease (PD) brains leading to dopaminergic neuronal death and the eventual dopamine depletion.

Contact: Meng Zhao
eic@nrren.org
86-138-049-98773
Neural Regeneration Research

Public Release: 27-May-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Also of interest from the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences

An analysis of 1,185 species from 14 marine ecosystems reveals that the abundances of different species within a community vary more than the predictions of so-called neutral theories of biodiversity, which assume that a species’ abundance is determined by chance rather than by the fitness of its ecological traits, suggesting that biodiversity models that incorporate species differences may more accurately explain community structures than models based on neutral theories.

Contact: PNAS News Office
PNASnews@nas.edu
202-334-1310
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences

Public Release: 27-May-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Colony living influences foraging behavior of ants

Ants living in a colony environment forage for food in a less random manner than individual ants and use their past foraging experience to optimize their current foraging behavior for the benefit of the colony, according to a study.

Contact: PNAS News Office
PNASnews@nas.edu
202-334-1310
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences

Public Release: 27-May-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Geomechanical changes linked to carbon sequestration

Carbon sequestration injections at the In Salah storage site in Algeria are associated with geomechanical changes at the site, including possible hydrofracturing of the lowest caprock layers, according to a study. Injection of carbon dioxide (CO2) into deep geological formations may increase fluid pressures in reservoir rocks, possibly inducing fractures and creating a pathway for CO2 escape.

Contact: PNAS News Office
PNASnews@nas.edu
202-334-1310
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences

Public Release: 27-May-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Fathers’ brain responses to parenting experiences

Fathers’ brain responses to childcare suggest a parenting neural network, according to a study. Previous studies have examined mothers’ brain responses to caring for infants, yet few researchers have studied fathers’ responses or investigated whether differences between maternal and paternal brain responses are related to the sex of the primary caregiver.

Contact: PNAS News Office
PNASnews@nas.edu
202-334-1310
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences

Public Release: 27-May-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
How puberty influences sex differences in cerebral blood flow

Cerebral blood flow during adolescence is markedly different in males and females and may be influenced by sex-specific changes that occur during puberty, a study suggests.

Contact: PNAS News Office
PNASnews@nas.edu
202-334-1310
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences

Public Release: 27-May-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Building polymers using sugar and bacteria

Glucose-based polymers produced by polymerizing a biosynthetically generated compound display mechanical properties comparable with petroleum-based industry standard materials, according to a study. Most plastics and elastomers are derived from non-renewable sources such as petroleum and natural gas.

Contact: PNAS News Office
PNASnews@nas.edu
202-334-1310
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences

Public Release: 27-May-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Ebola vaccine trial for chimpanzees

A vaccine for Ebola virus that employs virus-like particles instead of live infectious virus to evoke an immune response has shown promise in laboratory chimpanzees, according to a study. Chimpanzees and gorillas are threatened by recent Ebola virus outbreaks, which have killed nearly one third of the world's gorillas, now classified as critically endangered.

Contact: PNAS News Office
PNASnews@nas.edu
202-334-1310
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences

Public Release: 26-May-2014
Intermediaries increase corruption

An experimental study in which the Universidad Carlos III (UC3M) took part analysed the interaction between public officials and citizens and found that the presence of intermediaries significantly increases corruption.

Contact: fco javier alonso
oic@uc3m.es
Carlos III University of Madrid

Public Release: 26-May-2014
Neural Regeneration Research
Does apolipoprotein E mimetic peptide reduce neuronal apoptosis induced by DBI?

Because the majority of patients with diffuse brain injury are not suitable candidates for surgery, neuroprotective agents are of great importance.

Contact: Meng Zhao
eic@nrren.org
86-138-049-98773
Neural Regeneration Research

Public Release: 23-May-2014
China Science Bulletin
Balancing strategy to lateral impact in a rat Rattus norregicus

The rat bends flexible body to absorb the impact energy when encountering the lateral thorax strike, while encountering the lateral abdomen strike through its side-sway and left leg supporting. Balancing strategy to lateral impact in a rat can be inspired to improve the robustness of bionic robot. This study has been published in Chinese Science Bulletin (In Chinese). 2014, No.13.

National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 51375232), the National Basic Research Program of China (973 Program) (Grant No. 2011CB302106) and the NUAA Fundamental Research Funds (NS2013094).

Contact: JI Aihong
meeahji@nuaa.edu.cn
Science China Press

Public Release: 23-May-2014
SCIENCE CHINA Chemistry
How to detect nitrite and nitrate in the urine simultaneously and rapidly?

A recent study found that CdTe quantum dots enhanced chemiluminescence from ONOOH-Na2CO3 system, coupled with the reduction of nitrate in the presence of copperized cadmium column to detect nitrite and nitrate in human urine without derivatives and separation. This study has been published on SCIENCE CHINA Chemistry(In Chinese), 2014, No.3.

National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 21077008) and Program for New Century Excellent Talents in University (Grant Nos. NCET-11-0561)

Contact: LV Chao
luchao@mail.buct.edu.cn
Science China Press

Public Release: 23-May-2014
SCIENCE CHINA Physics, Mechanics & Astronomy
Analytical solutions of the configuration of large-scale formation

The configuration of the deputy satellite with respect to the chief one is expressed as formal series of the eccentricity of the reference orbit, in-plane amplitude and out-of-plane amplitude, then the high-order analytical solution is constructed by means of Lindstedt-Poincaré method starting with Lawden solution. This study has been published on SCIENCE CHINA Physica, Mechanica & Astronomica (In Chinese), 20142, No. 6.

The National Basic Research Program of China (Grant No. 2013CB834103);The National High Technology Research and Development Program of China (Grant No. 2012AA121602);National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 11078001).

Contact: LEI Hanlun
hanlunlei@sina.com
Science China Press

Public Release: 23-May-2014
Science
New twist in evolution of flightless birds

Ratite birds, some of the largest flightless birds, live all over the world, and now a new study suggests that they dispersed to Earth’s far corners through flight, not because the splitting of landmasses forced their separation. It was only after separating, this study says, that most members of this group lost the ability to fly.

Contact: Natasha Pinol
scipak@aaas.org
202-326-6440
American Association for the Advancement of Science

Public Release: 23-May-2014
Science
Seismic secrets of Earth’s depths

Two new experiments leveraging sophisticated tools for analyzing seismic phenomena and the chemical composition of Earth’s interior reveal how deep seismic anomalies might be generated. The Earth’s interior is layered like a cake, each layer chemically distinct. The mantle layer, located in-between Earth’s hot core and its crust, is the most abundant.

Contact: Natasha Pinol
scipak@aaas.org
202-326-6440
American Association for the Advancement of Science

Public Release: 23-May-2014
Science
Special issue -- The science of inequality

In the wake of the Occupy movements, in which millions of people around the world took to the streets to protest social and economic inequality, an international conversation has emerged. Now, Science joins this ongoing dialogue with a series of Review articles and news stories that explore the human history of inequality and help to clarify its current state.

Contact: Natasha Pinol
scipak@aaas.org
202-326-6440
American Association for the Advancement of Science

Showing releases 226-250 out of 640 releases.
    Click to go to page: [ 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 ]