In recent years, several MERS outbreaks have been reported in the Middle East. The disease was also transmitted to countries beyond the Middle East, for example the recent outbreak in South Korea, with an approximate fatality rate of 35%. It has been known that dromedary camels also called Arabian camels are a common host for Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) coronavirus (CoV). A growing body of evidence shows that the Arabian camels are the mostly likely source of the MERT-CoV that caused the MERS outbreaks in humans. A group of international scientists took and studied samples from more than 1,300 camels in Saudi Arabia, the country most affected by MERS, between May 2014 and April 2015. Professor Yi Guan and Assistant Professor Huachen Zhu Ph.D. from the School of Public Health, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, the University of Hong Kong, together with their colleagues, published their research findings in Science. In this Scientists Q&A Interview, Professor Guan and Assistant Professor Zhu provided us with more insights on their research as well as measures that could effectively prevent the transmission from the dromedary camels to humans.
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